Glass Vocabulary: Glassmaking Tactics and Other Vocabulary D to L

Dichromatic glass: Glass which shows diverse colors when noticed with either transmitted or reflected light.

Drops: Blobs of glass applied for decoration or to facilitate holding. Alternatively, this word could mean cut glass ornaments or lusters hung from chandeliers.

Enamels: Finely powdered glass and metallic oxides mixed with substances such as oil, and painted onto glass and subsequently fired.

Engraving: The decorative incision of the surface by use of wheels or of diamond or sharp-pointed tools to make linear or dotted styles.

Etching: matting or removing a surface of glass by exposure to hydrofluoric acid or its derivatives.

Facon de Venise: Venetian style glass imitated all through Europe.

Filigree: (Italian: “thread-grained”) A decorative strategy of embedding and twisting white and colored threads inside the clear metal.

Finial: Ornamental/ functional knob of diverse types surmounting a decorative object or vessel.

Flameworking: also identified as lampworking. Objects are shaped from prefabricated rods and tubes of glass that turn into soft and can be manipulated into desired shapes when heated in open flame.

Flashing: Decorative approach of dipping a clear or colored glass object into molten glass of a contrasting shade, then cutting via the thin “flashing” to develop style.

Flux: vital glassmaking ingredient. Created of alkali and added to the batch to lower the fusion point of silica.

Forest glass: domestic, greenish glass Created in forest glass-homes of Europe in medieval instances. Waldglas in German.

Freeblowing: Forming of objects on the blowpipe, by blowing the hot glass.

Friggers (or “finish of day glass”) : Objects Produced in the 19th century from molten glass left more than in the factory pots at the finish of the day. Typically they had been Produced for amusement in England and America. Comparable merchandise had been Produced earlier in Spain.

Gilding: applying gold onto glass for decoration. The piece would subsequently be fired to the surface.

Ice glass: Glass Created very first in Venice in 16th century. Named ice glass due to the fact of its resemblance of cracked ice. It is Created by dipping objects in cold water for the duration of blowing, or rolling it in splinters of glass.

Incalmo: (Italian: graft) Invented about 1600, it is the melting and joining of two various colored hemispherical bowls about their rims. The bowls really should have equal diameters.

Kiln: oven for heating glass at a lower temperature than that of the furnace. It is utilised for fusing enamels or kiln forming processes.

Kiln-forming: also recognized as kiln-casting or kiln-fusing. Fusing or shaping glass by heating it in a kiln

Knop: A decorative blob or protrusion appearing frequently on stems of drinking glasses, in distinct designs.

Lampworking: see flameworking

Latticino: (Italian: “milk”) Broad term utilized to describe opaque white threads of filigree decoration.

Lead crystal: (also recognized as lead glass) Glass with larger proportion of lead oxide. Soft, low melting, brilliant glass Created by George Ravenscroft in 1674.

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